GEORGE SANTAYANA (1863 - 1952)


  • Santayana Society


  • 3rd International Conference on George Santayana, Faculty of Philosophy and Sciences of Education of University of Valencia and Limbo, November 16-18, 2009

  • Second International Conference on George Santayana, Opole University, Poland, June 20-24, 2006

  • Towards a Philosophy of Modesty: Freedom, Reason, and Limit in Santayana’s Moral and Political Thought, Cambridge University, December 1-4, 2005

  • First International Conference on George Santayana, Avíla, Spain, May 27-30, 1992

  • Santayana Seminar Series, Institute for American Thought and the Santayana Edition, Indiana University-Purdue University




  • Anthologies:

    • The Essential Santayana: Selected Writings.  Ed. Martin A. Coleman.  Bloomington: Indiana UP, 2009.
    • The Genteel Tradition in American Philosophy and Character and Opinion in the United States.  Ed. and intro. James Seaton.  Essays by Wilfred McClay, John Lachs, James Seaton and Roger Kimball.  New Haven: Yale UP, 2009.

    • The Birth of Reason and Other Essays.  Ed. Daniel Cory.  Intro. Herman J. Saatkamp, Jr.  New York: Columbia UP, 1995.
    • The Works of George Santayana.  15 vols.  Ed. Herman J. Saatkamp, Jr. and William G. Holzberger.  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1986-.

    • The Complete Poems of George Santayana: a Critical Edition.  Ed. and Intro. G. Holzberger.  Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell UP, 1979.
    • Physical Order and Moral Liberty: Previously Unpublished Essays of George Santayana.  Ed. John and Shirley Lachs.  Nashville: Vanderbilt UP, 1969.
    • Santayana on America: Essays, Notes, and Letters on American Life, Literature, and Philosophy.  Ed. Richard Colton Lyon.  New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968.
    • Selected Critical Writings.  2 Vols.  Ed. Norman Henfrey.  Cambridge: CUP, 1968.
    • Animal Faith and Spiritual Life: Previously Unpublished and Uncollected Writings by George Santayana with Critical Essays on his Thought.  Ed. John Lachs.  New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1967.
    • George Santayana's America: Essays on Literature and Culture.  Ed. James Ballowe.  Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1967.
    • The Genteel Tradition: Nine Essays.  Ed. Douglas L. Wilson.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1967.
    • The Idler and his Works, and Other Essays.  Ed. Daniel Cory.  New York: Braziller, 1957.

    • Essays in Literary Criticism.  Ed. Irving Singer.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1956.

    • Letters of George Santayana.  Edited by Daniel Cory.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1955.

    • Dominations and Powers: Reflections on Liberty, Society, and Government.  New York: Charles Scribner, 1951.

    • Atoms of Thought: an Anthology of Thoughts From George Santayana.  Ed. Ira D. Cardiff.  New York: Philosophical Library, 1950.

    • Obiter Scripta: Lectures, Essays and Reviews.  Ed. Justus Buchler and Benjamin Schwartz.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1936.

    • The Philosophy of Santayana.  Ed. Irwin Edman.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1936.  Rev. Ed. 1953.

    • Some Turns of Thought in Modern Philosophy: Five Essays.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1933.

    • Realms of Being.  4 vols.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1927-1940.

      • 1 Vol. Abridgement.  1942.

      • The Realm of Spirit: Book Fourth.  1940.
      • The Realm of Truth: Book Third.  1937.
      • The Realm of Matter: Book Second.  1930.
      • The Realm of Essence: Book First.  1927.
    • Poems.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1923.

    • Soliloquies in England and Later Soliloquies.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1922.

    • Little Essays, Drawn From the Writings of George Santayana by Logan Pearsall Smith, With the Collaboration of the Author.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1920.

    • Winds Of Doctrine: Studies in Contemporary Opinion.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1913.

    • Life of Reason, or, the Phases of Human Progress.  5 Vols.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1905-1906.

      • 1 Vol. Abridgement.  Ed. Daniel Cory.  Amherst, NY: Prometheus, 1998.

      • Introduction and Reason in Common Sense.  1905.

      • Reason in Society.  1905.

      • Reason in Religion.  1905.

      • Reason in Art.  1905.

      • Reason in Science.  1906.

    • Interpretations of Poetry and Religion.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1900.

    • Sonnets and Other Verses.  Cambridge and Chicago: Stone and Kimball, 1894.

  • Selected Individual Works:

    • Lotze's System of Philosophy.  Ed. and Intro. (with a Lotze Bibliography) Paul Grimley Kuntz.  Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1971.
    • My Host the World.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1953.
    • The Idea of Christ in the Gospels; or, God in Man: a Critical Essay.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1946.
    • The Middle Span.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1945.
    • Persons and Places.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1944.
    • The Last Puritan: a Memoir in the Form of a Novel.  London: Constable, 1935.
    • The Genteel Tradition at Bay.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1931.
    • Platonism and the Spiritual Life.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1927.

    • Dialogues in Limbo.  London: Constable, 1925.
      • Dialogues in Limbo, with Three New Dialogues.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1948.
    • Scepticism and Animal Faith: Introduction to a System of Philosophy.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1923.

    • Character and Opinion in the United States, With Reminiscences of William James and Josiah Royce and Academic Life in America.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1920.

    • Egotism in German Philosophy.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1915.

    • "The Genteel Tradition in American Philosophy."  Address delivered before the Philosophical Union, University of California, August 25, 1911.

      • Winds Of Doctrine: Studies in Contemporary Opinion.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1913.  186-215.

    • Three Philosophical Poets: Lucretius, Dante, and Goethe. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1910.

    • A Hermit of Carmel, and Other Poems.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1901.

    • Lucifer: a Theological Tragedy.  Chicago and New York: Herbert S. Stone, 1899.

    • The Sense of Beauty: Being the Outlines of Aesthetic Theory.  New York: Charles Scribner's, 1896.




  • Anthologies:

    • Flamm, Matthew Caleb, and Krzysztof Piotr Skowronski, eds.  Under Any Sky: Contemporary Readings of George Santayana.  Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2007.

  • Selected Individual Works:

    • Ames, Van Meter.  Proust and Santayana: the Aesthetic Way of LifeNew York: Willett, Clark & Company, 1937.

    • Arnett, Willard E.  Santayana and the Sense of BeautyBloomington: Indiana UP, 1957.

    • Butler, Richard.  The Life and World of George SantayanaChicago: A Gateway Edition, 1960.

    • Cory, Daniel.  Santayana: The Later Years; A Portrait With LettersNew York: George Braziller, 1963.

    • Howgate, George W.  George SantayanaNew York: A. S. Barnes, 1961.

    • Kirby-Smith, H. T.  A Philosophical Novelist: George Santayana and the Last Puritan.  Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1997.

    • Lachs, John.  On Santayana.  Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2000.

    • Lachs, John, and Michael Hodges. Thinking in the Ruins: Wittgenstein and Santayana on Contingency.  Nashville: Vanderbilt UP, 2000.

    • Levinson, Henry.  Santayana, Pragmatism and the Spiritual Life.  Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1992.

    • Munson, Thomas N.  The Essential Wisdom of George SantayanaNew York: Columbia UP, 1962.

    • Singer, Irving.  George Santayana, Literary Philosopher.  New Haven: Yale UP, 2000.

    • Sprigge, Timothy.  SantayanaLondon: Routledge, 1995.

    • Woodward, Anthony.  Living in the Eternal: a Study of George SantayanaNashville: Vanderbilt UP, 1988.




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