• Anthologies:

    • Civilization and Black Progress: Selected Writings of Alexander Crummell on the South.  Ed. J. R. Oldfield.  Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1996.

    • Destiny and Race: Sermons and Addresses, 1840-1898.  Ed. Wilson J. Moses.  Massachusetts: U of Massachusetts P, 1992.

    • Africa and America: Addresses and Discourses.  Springfield, MA: Willey, 1891.

    • The Greatness of Christ and other Sermons.  New York: Thomas Whittaker, 1882.

    • The Future of Africa: Being Addresses, Sermons, Etc., Delivered in the Republic of Liberia.  New York: Charles Scribner, 1862.

  • Selected Individual Works:

    • "The Attitude of the American Mind Toward the Negro Intellect." American Negro Academy Occasional Papers No. 3.  Washington, D.C.: The American Negro Academy, 1898.

    • "Civilization: The Primal Need of the Race," American Negro Academy Occasional Papers No. 3.  Washington, D.C.: The American Negro Academy, 1898.

    • “The Absolute Need of an Indigenous Missionary Agency for Evangelization of Africa.”  Address Delivered at the Atlanta Exposition of 1895.   

    • “Civilization a Collateral and Indispensable Instrumentality in Planting the Church in Africa.”  Address Delivered at the Atlanta Exposition of 1895.   

    • Jubilate: the Shades and Lights of a Fifty Years' Ministry, 1844-1894. 

    • "The Relations and Duties of Free Colored Men in America to Africa."  1861. 

      • I AM BECAUSE WE ARE: Readings in Black PhilosophyEd. Fred Lee Hord.  Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1995.  219-230. 

      • Philosophy Born of Struggle: Anthology of Afro-American Philosophy from 1917.  Ed. Leonard Harris.  Dubuque, IA: Kendall / Hunt, 1983.  Rpt. 2000.  196-205.


  • Archives:


  • Selected Individual Works:




  • Anthologies:


  • Selected Individual Works:

    • Akpan, M. B.  “Alexander Crummell and his African Race Work.”  Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church (June, 1976).

    • Appiah, Anthony.  “Alexander Crummell and the Invention of Africa.”  Massachusetts Review ().  Rpt. in his In my Father's House.   

    • Du Bois, W. E. B.  “Of Alexander Crummell.”  The Souls of Black Folk.  1903. 

    • Ejofodomi, Luckson.  The Missionary Career of Alexander Crummell in Liberia, 1853-1872, Ph. D. dissertation, Boston University, 1974.

    • Grigsby, Alexander.  Crummell: Pioneer in Nineteenth Century Pan-African Thought.  New York: Greenwood, 1987. 

    • Moses, Wilson J.  Alexander Crummell: a Study of Civilization and Discontent.   New York: OUP, 1989.

    • Moses Wilson J.  “Alexander Crummell.”  Encyclopedia of Protestantism.  Ed. Hans Joachim Hillerbrand.  London: Routledge, 2004.

    • Moses, Wilson Jeremiah.  "Alexander Crummell: the Anglophile as Afrocentrist."  Creative Conflict in African American Thought.  Cambridge: CUP, 2004.

    • Moses Wilson J.  “Alexander Crummell.  Encyclopedia Americana (CD ROM edition). 

    • Moses Wilson J.  “Alexander Crummell.”  Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and HistoryNew York: MacMillan, 1995.

    • Moses Wilson J.  “Alexander Crummell."  American National Biography.  New York: OUP, 1999.

    • Moses Wilson J.  “Civilizing Missionary: a Study of Alexander Crummell."  Journal of Negro History (April 1975): 229-251.

    • Oldfield, John.  Alexander Crummell, (1819-1898), and the Creation of an African American Church in Liberia.  Lewiston: Edwin Mellin, 1990. 

    • Scruggs, Otey M.  "We the Children of Africa in this Land."  Africa and the Afro-American Experience.  Ed. Lorraine A. Williams.  Washington, DC: , 1977.

    • Stockton, C. R.  “The Integration of Cambridge: Alexander Crummell as Undergraduate, 1849-1853."  Integrated Education (Winter 1979): .




PhilWeb is grateful to Professor Wilson J. Moses of the department of History at Pennsylvania State University for much of the bibliographical information above and for generous advice on improving this page.


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May 18, 2017

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